As friends and North American neighbours, Canada and Mexico enjoy a strong strategic partnership with deep economic, social and cultural ties. Mexico is not only the world’s 15th-largest economy and the 10th-most populated country with more than 130 million people, but a key trading and diplomatic partner to Canada.
Our economies have been intimately connected since 1994 when both countries signed the North American Free Trade Agreement. In 2020, the renegotiated Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement entered into force. Trade and investment continues to grow between our two countries, and in 2021, we shipped $7.8 billion in exports to Mexico, making it our fourth-largest export market in the world and Canada was Mexico’s sixth-largest merchandise trading partner
Canadian trade and investment with Mexico is steadily growing with more than $41.7 billion in two-way merchandise trade in 2021. Also, Canadian direct investment in Mexico was $25 billion in the same period, which is Canada’s ninth-largest direct investment destination. Export Development Canada (EDC) opened its first international office in Mexico in 2000 and we enjoy serving Canadian companies there through local representation in Mexico City and Monterrey. With its growing consumer class and competitive labour market, if you’re considering Mexico as a possible export destination, it’s important to do your due diligence and have a clear understanding of your objectives.
Here are 12 etiquette tips for doing business in Mexico.
1. Learn the lingo: Learn a little Spanish. The Mexicans appreciate any effort you make on this front, but stick with the basics, such as “good morning,” “thank you,” and “pleasure to meet you.” If you don’t speak Spanish, don’t try to do your pitch in that language. Stick to simple phrases, and if you make a mistake, it’s not an issue. You can share a laugh about it.
2. Embrace the country: Mexicans are proud people and will welcome your appreciation of their country. Talk about their beautiful city and culture. You can become familiar with the local landmarks and discuss those sites, for example.
3. Visit often: There’s no substitute for face-to-face encounters and this is particularly true in Mexico. Mexicans will expect you to make multiple visits and take the time to build the key relationships.
4. Ace the small talk: Before getting down to business, Mexicans tend to start business conversations with small talk about culture, food, the city you’re in or the weather. Learn a little about the culture, including researching famous Mexicans and knowing a bit about Mexico’s sporting passion—soccer. You can also expect some questions about your culture. I’ve received many questions about Canadian winter sports, for example.
5. Engage local help: In Mexico, having a local representative or partner will be invaluable to solve problems and issues. Good relationships with local contacts can help in getting responses, dealing with logistical issues and following up. You need someone on the ground to know the local processes and thinking. Also, I suggest you visit free websites and one-stop shops that the government of Mexico has created to ask for help regarding how to find local partners or where to invest in Mexico.
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6. Mind the clock: Never show up late to a meeting, but fully expect that your Mexican counterparts might. Traffic disruptions in big cities, such as Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey, are very common. In addition, there tends to be a more relaxed view toward time in Latin America, though it’s more common in rural areas than in the big cities.
7. Keep an eye on lineups: Try to get to meetings early because the security process always seems to take longer than expected and can be extremely strict. In some cases, particularly in a factory or plant, visitors are asked for a passport. In 95% of the cases, you don’t have to leave your passport at the security gate, but they’ll ask you to leave photo identification, so it’s important to have another option. I would suggest you challenge having to leave your passport. Ask if you can just show it and leave your other photo identification, such as a driver’s licence or health card, behind.
8. When yes means no: Mexicans don’t like to say no, so understanding body language is important and it’ll come with time. There are regional differences on this tip. It’s more common to get a straight no in larger cities, but even there, it happens that your counterpart might say yes when they mean no. That’s why face-to-face is best. You can walk away from a conference call thinking everything is splendid, but if you’d seen their face and body language, you’d know better.
9. Bureaucracy abounds: Negotiations or processes can sometimes be slow. The government and even some large private enterprises can have extremely cumbersome bureaucratic processes. Again, that’s why it’s good to have someone on the ground, getting the information you need.
10. Breaking bread (or tortillas): Breakfast, lunch and dinner meetings are common, but meals are rarely offered at a first meeting. When they do happen, lunches and dinners can be very long engagements. It’s not uncommon for people on Thursdays or Friday to go out for lunch at 2 p.m. or 3 p.m. and not return to the office.
11. Dress for success: It’s always better to be overdressed than underdressed. In business centres such as Mexico City, Guadalajara, León and Monterrey, one should dress formally for meetings, whereas in other smaller cities, the dress code is often more relaxed, mostly due to extreme heat. On the coast, men often wear very lightweight long-sleeved white shirts called a guayabera. Bear in mind the type of visit you are planning. For example, at factories sometimes jeans, boots and no jewelry are requested. A recommendation is to consult with a trusted local contact about the dress code for the region you’ll be visiting.
12. Business cards are boss: Business cards are still readily exchanged so keep them handy. You might want to bring some extras. It’s also important to have your cellphone number on your card and don’t hesitate to ask for potential clients’ cellphone numbers as well. Although email is still the formal business communication tool in Mexico, through WhatsApp you can have live and current communication on all topics. Since the pandemic, it’s become more common for Mexicans to use digital business cards.
For additional inquiries about the Mexican market, you can contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org